In a way, he simplifies the issue. Cultural Heritage is a concept that provides a bridge between time and present through the use of certain strategies that are in use today. Foucault asserts that while traditional accounts of the past view the contemporary penal system as able as better than the traditional system of punishment for criminals (for instance, by not having to subject people to torture) however, power manifests itself through more subtle ways. Due to the significance it holds for these communities or groups it is possible to preserve cultural heritage to this day and is bestowed to benefit the next generation.
For example, Foucault shows how certain "technologies of power" create "docile bodies" that create peaceful people. The notion of cultural heritage emerged in the course of complicated process of history and is always changing. Through the discovery of these fresh and obscure sources from the past (his method of "archaeology"), Foucault was able to reveal hidden power structures, study the impact on discursive practice (the function of language in organising experience) and expose the notion of knowledge to an examination. The notion of natural and cultural heritage is founded on shifting values systems.
His work changed our perception about power as well as its consequences and he created theories of control in society like his notion of’surveillance society’, and challenged the significance of progress in the past. These values are embraced by various categories of people. He wanted his ideas to be practical, since he believed the theories and concepts ought to be implemented. The concepts that are established and accepted by different groups result in different categories of natural and cultural heritage (world heritage as well as national heritage. ). "be an instrument-box that people can browse through to discover a tool that they can utilize however they like within their own particular area…
Cultural Heritage objects can be considered as symbolic. The thing is, I do not create for an audience I write for readers not for users." (Foucault pp. 523-4) They symbolize identities with respect to nature and culture. This is certainly the case in the majority of his research used by a broad variety of groups. Connecting to and actions around these objects can create the feeling of being part of a community.
It is now clear that learning history is not just about teaching us about the past , but also give us the theoretical tools for analyzing that is current. While at the same time the decision of which objects are preserved, whether they be monuments, or natural surroundings. are conserved sets the path for various narratives about culture and societal consensus regarding both the past as part well as the present. They are helpful in uncovering the underlying structure.
The history of the concept The emergence of the concept of cultural heritage is a result of a long historicaldevelopment in which different values were attached to monuments, buildings, works of arts, artifacts, landscapes, etc. However, the history of mankind is extremely complex and multifaceted , and tools are only tools. The continuous destruction or loss of these objects resulted in words like "outstanding general value" and finally to the declaration that the objects are part of "humanity". They are meant to assist, but not be the sole source of thought.
These concepts were born out of an understanding that the cultural heritage and the natural world with which it is connected, is unique and indestructible. Making our own history (History from below movement) The development of this concept is directly linked to the notion of conservation or protection. While it is essential to understand and read about the past, it is essential for us to write our own story and to interpret the past from different vantage perspectives. The long-standing tradition of collecting smaller objects like paintings as well as other artifacts of culture were part of "antiquarian fascination".
We must write down our own personal history using our own voice to tell our own story. The first collections from the Late Medieval and Early Modern Period were either highly chosen collection or "the whole world in one room" types of collection of encyclopedic information. The history of the world should not be left to the elites of society. These were the very first steps of a lengthy institutionalization process. In the past, historically in historically in the UK, The Communist Party Historians’ Group played a major role to the History from Below Movement and included some of the most prominent historians, including Eric Hobsbawn, EP Thomson and Christopher Hill, amongst others.
The selection of the objects was based on concepts of value that were inherent to the period and the location of the acquisition or rareness, beauty and value that the item possessed. They were primarily Marxist historians who focused on developing a new kind of history that focused on the people of every age and their role in the history of humanity. They also were a showcase of the current knowledge, which was growing with finding new and fresh regions of the globe. They published numerous books and an academic journal known as Past & Present that encouraged this new way of looking at history , and continues to do so today.
From the beginning of the nineteenth century onward, the idea of national heritage was one of the major aspects during this process. "Hobsbawm, Thompson et al were successful in redefining the concept of history to be the field of study for humankind and a subject can be studied in a way that is objective and deeply rooted. This led to the development of national museums, as well as commissions or institutions for protection of monuments. It was something that belonged to all in the same way that it was to nobody." (Calladine) In the second decade during the latter half of the century, the spontaneously evolving groups, organizations and political organisations including the global body UNESCO have had success in gaining support to safeguard certain aspects of the cultural heritage of many nations, the use of concepts such as World Heritage, World Memory. The movement was further developed through Raphael Samuel who saw clearly the importance of the history.
However, despite the implicit biases inherent in an approach to the World Heritage approach, the doors were opened to more holistic approaches to modern heritage studies, or in business. He was a socialist for all his life and believed that the study of the importance of history should not be left to the bourgeois historians. In the same way new developments in the practices of cultural heritage as well as generalized use and misuses of cultural heritage prompted the development of a critical and sceptical approach to within the framework of "heritage businesses".
He was the founder of his own History Workshop Movement which was focused on revealing the history of the people.